• Change
MENU
Based on 8991 reviews on Trustpilot
CALL US
020·7962·9933
tour image

Australian Highlights

13 days fr £3,729pp

Melbourne • Alice Springs • Ayers Rock • Olgas • Cairns • Great Barrier Reef • Sydney

Save 10% · 13 nights fr £4,759 pp (Including flights)

For an epic adventure through the rough, yet spectacular terrains, the bustling, culture-rich cities and of course the incredible coastline of Australia, this tour serves up plenty. Start in Melbourne and discover the delights of the city before you take in Alice Springs, Ayers Rock and the Great Barrier Reef en route to Cairns. From then, it's a double-dose of city life as you explore Cairns' best and the sights of Sydney.

Save 10%

13 nights from £4,759pp (incl flights)
Valid 01/09/2022 - 30/11/2022
020·7962·9933
Instant answers. Live in Five seconds
TOUR DETAILS
Accommodation:
  • Superior fr £3,729pp
Validity (selected dates between):
  • 31/03/2022 - 31/12/2022
Also included:
  • 12 nights accommdation
  • 12 breakfasts 2 lunches & 4 dinners
  • Luxury Coach & Driver Guide
  • Excursions as per itinerary
Not included:
  • International Flights (unless otherwise stated)
  • Domestic flights
  • Optional excursions
Overview
Diverse red desert landscapes, cosmopolitan cities and the clear waters of the Great Barrier Reef make this holiday one that you will never forget. Wander through Melbourne’s eclectic laneways and see all the sights, meet the Falzon family in Alice Springs and feel the ancient heartbeat of the Red Centre, then snorkel on the reef before travelling to Sydney’s to see the famous opera house and bridge during a spectacular trip around the harbour.
Day 1
Welcome to Melbourne
On arrival in Melbourne you’ll be met by one of our tour representatives and taken to your hotel in the city. Relax after your journey then go out and see some of the sights before an evening meeting when you join your travel director and fellow travellers for a welcome reception and a lovely 3-course dinner at a riverside restaurant with drinks included. It's a great opportunity to get to know everyone in a unique setting and learn about all that you will be seeing and doing over the coming days.
tour image
Day 2
Melbourne
Today after breakfast you explore Melbourne on a city sights tour then discover its eclectic little laneways, arcades, café society and fascinating street art on your private walking tour. The rest of your day is free for you to do as you please. You may like to take an optional trip out to Phillip Island to see the famous Penguin Parade on Summerland Beach in the evening or maybe you'd prefer to relax or even experience some of Melbourne's well-known food and culture and visit some of the famous sporting venues.
tour image
Day 3
Melbourne
Today is free for you to explore the delights of Melbourne or take a trip out of the city. You may decide to take a full day optional tour to experience the beautiful Great Ocean Road to discover the stunning coastline and see the Twelve Apostles and other amazing rock formations. If you prefer you can head north out of the city and climb up mysterious Hanging Rock or maybe treat yourself to a theatre production or indulge in some world class fare at one of Melbourne's famous eateries.
tour image
Day 4
Melbourne to Alice Springs
Today you fly to Alice Springs. On arrival visit the School of the Air and hear how it delivers education to children living in remote areas. Next stop is the Royal Flying Doctor Service, where you'll learn how this facility provides a 'mantle of safety' to the people of the Outback. You’re invited this evening to join a discovery tour at Earth Sanctuary World Nature Centre. Enjoy an Aussie barbecue dinner and afterwards hear from the Falzon brothers, Tom and Danny, about the sustainable lifestyle they have established.
tour image
Day 5
Alice Springs – Ayers Rock
One of the natural highlights of the tour today when you leave Alice Springs and travel through the West MacDonnell and James Ranges and pause to view majestic Atila (Mt. Conner) often mistaken for Uluru, before arriving at Ayers Rock Resort. This afternoon is free for you to enjoy the resort’s facilities. Later, travel to the Uluru sunset viewing area. Then witness and photograph the striking colour changes of Ayers Rock at sunset while enjoying gourmet canapés and wine.
tour image
Day 6
Kata Tjuta (the Olgas)
An early start this morning to experience the magical Uluru (Ayers Rock) sunrise. Afterwards, gain an insight into the traditional owners of the land, the Anangu, as you tour the caves at the base of the giant monolith discovering ancient rock art and hearing stories of the Aboriginal Dreamtime. Later you travel through the desert plains to Kata Tjuta (the Olgas) where you take a walk at Walpa Gorge and later experience a Kata Tjuta sunset while enjoying more sparkling wine and nibbles.
tour image
Day 7
Ayers Rock – Cairns
This morning after breakfast at the plush Ayers Rock Resort you join a local Aboriginal artist for a fun introduction to Western Desert Art. Your Anangu artist will explain the meanings of their totems, before assisting you to complete your own painting to take home as a memento of your experience of Dreamtime at Uluru. In the afternoon you say farewell to Ayers Rock when you are taken to the airport for your flight to Cairns, where you will be staying at the Hilton Hotel for the next three nights.
tour image
Day 8
Great Barrier Reef
Get ready for an experience of a lifetime today when you board a high speed catamaran and cruise out to the Great Barrier Reef. You can snorkel and view this natural living wonder up close, with equipment provided, or stay dry and explore the stunning reef from the comfort of a semi-submersible craft, just one metre underwater. Enjoy a tropical buffet lunch before you return to Cairns. This evening dinner has been arranged at Dundee's Restaurant on the Cairns waterfront.
tour image
Day 9
Cairns
A free day in Cairns to relax or go exploring. Perhaps take an optional trip to Tjapukai Aboriginal Cultural Park to discover the secrets of this ancient culture through theatre, didgeridoo and firemaking demonstrations and the famous Tjapukai dance. You can also visit Hartley's Crocodile Adventures or travel to Kuranda, the 'village in the rainforest', on the historic Kuranda Scenic Railway and return to the lowlands above the breathtaking canopy of the Barron Gorge National Park through some of the oldest rainforest in the world on the Skyrail Cableway.
tour image
Day 10
Cairns – Sydney
Spend time at Cairns Wildlife Dome, where you'll have the chance to see some Australian wildlife, including the cuddly koala. Maybe time for some more sightseeing or shopping in this ocean side city before flying to your final destination of the tour, the remarkable city of Sydney. On arrival you will be met at the airport and driven to your hotel and the rest of the evening is free for you to explore on your own and sample some of the fine restaurants and buzzing nightlife.
tour image
Day 11
Sydney
A day of sightseeing around this stunning harbour city awaits. Join a local guide for a tour of the iconic Sydney Opera House before discovering Sydney's Eastern Suburbs and putting your feet in the sand on famous Bondi Beach. Then take to the water on a Captain Cook lunch cruise, sailing around the glistening harbour while you enjoy a fresh seasonal menu. Spend the rest of your day seeing the sights of your choice or relax and take a stroll around the harbour front and possibly watch a performance at the opera house.
tour image
Day 12
Sydney
Enjoy a full free day in exciting Sydney seeing more of the famous sights. Maybe take an optional experience and travel out to the nearby Blue Mountains to see the Three Sisters or for stunning views over the city climb the iconic Sydney Harbour Bridge on an organised 'BridgeClimb' and receive a certificate and picture of your achievement. Then spend your last evening of the tour at a farewell dinner with your travel director and new-found friends at a local restaurant by the waterfront.
tour image
Day 13
Farewell to Sydney
This morning after breakfast at your hotel, the Sheraton in trendy Darling Harbour, say goodbye to your fellow travellers as your memorable tour around Australia comes to an end. Possibly time for some more sightseeing or shopping before you are picked up and taken to the airport to catch an onward flight or begin your journey back home. This Australia Highlights tour is perfect for anyone wanting to see all the iconic sights Down Under while travelling in style and comfort.
tour image

Similar ideas

Margaret River Wine Experience

DialAFlight offer

Take a vintage wine trip from Perth
0 nights from £377pp (inc flights)
2 days from £377pp (inc flights)
Take a vintage wine trip from Perth

Take a vintage wine trip from Perth

offer 0 nights from £377pp (including flights) 2 days from £377pp

If you fancy a glass or two of fine wine while staying in Perth, in western Australia, why not forget about the good local restaurants and bars in the city and try this rewarding two day Margaret River Wine experience. You will be taken from the city by coach for a one night stay in the lovely wine region which includes visits to some of the area's main highlights and attractions. This vintage short break makes a great add on to any holiday Down Under.

Valid from 01/04/2019 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Uluru & Kata Tjuta Sights & Sounds

DialAFlight offer

Take it as red, you will just love this Australia tour
0 nights from £633pp (inc flights)
3 days from £633pp (inc flights)
Take it as red, you will just love this Australia tour

Take it as red, you will just love this Australia tour

offer 0 nights from £633pp (including flights) 3 days from £633pp

Every country has its spiritual heart, and in the vast open spaces of Australia the place is Ayers Rock in the Red Centre. Uluru, to give Ayers Rock its Aboriginal name, is a mystical place where the vivid sunrises and sunsets have to be seen to be believed. And you can watch them from the seat of a helicopter or a Harley Davidson motorcycle. The Red Centre is a magical area of Australia and you have three days to make the most of it.

Valid from 01/04/2022 until 31/03/2023

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Cape Tribulation & Daintree Tour

DialAFlight offer

Become a cape crusader on an eco tour of the rain forest
0 nights from £184pp (inc flights)
2 days from £184pp (inc flights)
Become a cape crusader on an eco tour of the rain forest

Become a cape crusader on an eco tour of the rain forest

offer 0 nights from £184pp (including flights) 2 days from £184pp

If you fancy a true rain forest experience this short tour of Cape Tribulation and Daintree National Parks is a must. Over two days you can immerse yourself in this World Heritage area stopping at spectacular gorges, crossing raging rivers and trying aerial walkways. You will stay for a night in the forest and can venture out of your hotel with a guide for a memorable nocturnal walk. Australians love a good adventure tour, and they don't come much better than this.

Valid from 01/04/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Australia Pacific Coast - self drive

DialAFlight offer

Take a drive along Australia's coast with the most
0 nights from £367pp (inc flights)
6 days from £367pp (inc flights)
Take a drive along Australia's coast with the most

Take a drive along Australia's coast with the most

offer 0 nights from £367pp (including flights) 6 days from £367pp

This Pacific Coast self drive tour, which begins in the stunning city of Sydney and ends in Brisbane is designed for you to see all the sights along the way including the lush Hunter Valley wine growing region, Port Stephens, Smiths Lake, Coffs Harbour, Byron Bay and lots of beautiful surfing beaches and spectacular scenery.

Valid from 15/09/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Perth & The Coral Coast- self drive

DialAFlight offer

When the west is the best
0 nights from £1,111pp (inc flights)
15 days from £1,111pp (inc flights)
When the west is the best

When the west is the best

offer 0 nights from £1,111pp (including flights) 15 days from £1,111pp

This is a real Down Under adventure with a difference as you travel form the lovely city of Perth and back discovering the delights of the Coral Coast. Your tour takes you from the city as far as Ningaloo before you make the return trip and along the way you will visit lots of memorable places and experience the Australian way of life. There is plenty of time for relaxing at some superb beach resorts and taking part in exciting activities.

Valid from 01/04/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Top End Highlights

DialAFlight offer

Top End Escape
0 nights from £1,489pp (inc flights)
6 days from £1,489pp (inc flights)
Top End Escape

Top End Escape

offer 0 nights from £1,489pp (including flights) 6 days from £1,489pp

With its vibrant indigenous culture, friendly characters and varied scenery, the Top End will leave you spellbound. Be immersed in the traditions of the Aboriginal people and cruise down waterways teaming with wildlife. Experience a landscape that changes before your eyes, and stay in some safari-style accommodation in idyllic locations.

Valid from 01/05/2022 until 30/09/2022

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Tassie Food & Wine Self Drive

DialAFlight offer

Eat your way across Tasmania.
0 nights from £424pp (inc flights)
5 days from £424pp (inc flights)
Eat your way across Tasmania.

Eat your way across Tasmania.

offer 0 nights from £424pp (including flights) 5 days from £424pp

First it was all about apples . . . but now the Apple Isle's contribution to world food extends to premium seafood, cheese, bread, honey, nuts, stone fruit, craft beer, whisky and intensely flavoured cool-climate wines. Many smaller producers are owned and operated by passionate foodies and Tasmania is seemingly made for a driving holiday visiting farm-gate suppliers and providores. After you’ve sampled the produce on this great tour, book tables at a few good restaurant and see how the local chefs transform it.

Valid from 01/04/2021 until 31/03/2022

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Perth, Wave Rock & Margaret River

DialAFlight offer

Strike gold in the Outback
0 nights from £799pp (inc flights)
15 days from £799pp (inc flights)
Strike gold in the Outback

Strike gold in the Outback

offer 0 nights from £799pp (including flights) 15 days from £799pp

This is a real Australian adventure with a difference as you travel form the lovely city of Perth and back discovering the delights of the Outback, fabulous coastal resorts, fascinating towns, iconic Wave Rock and some of the great wineries at Margaret River. Your tour takes you from the city as far as Kalgoorlie before you make the return trip and along the way you will visit lots of memorable places and experience the Australian way of life. There is plenty of time for relaxing at some superb beach resorts and taking part in exciting activities.

Valid from 28/11/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Drive the South East Coast - self drive

DialAFlight offer

Find freedom on the Great Ocean Road
0 nights from £881pp (inc flights)
13 days from £881pp (inc flights)
Find freedom on the Great Ocean Road

Find freedom on the Great Ocean Road

offer 0 nights from £881pp (including flights) 13 days from £881pp

It's always good to take a tour during any holiday Down Under and on this wonderful 13 day trip you will discover all the delights of Australia's south east coast. Beginning in Adelaide and ending in Sydney, you travel to Kangaroo Island, along the stunning Great Ocean Road staying at pretty Apollo Bay before continuing to Melbourne, then on to beautiful Jervis Bay. There is never a dull moment on this action packed trip.

Valid from 01/12/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

South West Splendour

DialAFlight offer

Perth & Margaret River Self Drive
0 nights from £430pp (inc flights)
5 days from £430pp (inc flights)
Perth & Margaret River Self Drive

Perth & Margaret River Self Drive

offer 0 nights from £430pp (including flights) 5 days from £430pp

Australia is a wonderful country to tour by car and this trip that begins in Perth, takes you through Margaret River and Albany, and ends back in the big city is one of the best. Along the way on this five day tour you will see pretty towns, national parks, magnificent forests, a stunning coast with great surfing beaches, and vineyards. You will never be far from the ocean as you drive through picturesque scenery and will have plenty of time to relax in between seeing all the sights.

Valid from 01/04/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Sydney to Melbourne Coast - self drive

DialAFlight offer

Hug the coast between Australia's greatest cities
0 nights from £472pp (inc flights)
7 days from £472pp (inc flights)
Hug the coast between Australia's greatest cities

Hug the coast between Australia's greatest cities

offer 0 nights from £472pp (including flights) 7 days from £472pp

Australia is a vast country and if you want to drive yourself around seeing the sights you have to choose your route carefully. This seven day coastal drive between the country's two greatest cities is one of the best. After leaving Sydney you hug the Pacific Ocean passing through picturesque towns and villages and past beautiful beaches, lakes and national parks on the way to Melbourne. This relatively short trip makes a great add on to any longer visit Down Under

Valid from 01/04/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

West Coast Explorer - self drive

DialAFlight offer

Hit the road and see the best of the west
0 nights from £1,045pp (inc flights)
11 days from £1,045pp (inc flights)
Hit the road and see the best of the west

Hit the road and see the best of the west

offer 0 nights from £1,045pp (including flights) 11 days from £1,045pp

Lots of visitors to Australia stop in Perth to experience all that this great oceanside city has to offer before or after heading off to other famous Down Under destinations like Sydney, Melbourne, the Great Barrier Reef and Ayers Rock in the Red Centre. But for anyone wanting to enjoy the best of the west coast of Oz, then this 11 day explorer tour is just perfect and will take you to lots of memorable places.

Valid from 01/11/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Great Southern Touring Route

DialAFlight offer

Drive the stunning Great Ocean Road.
0 nights from £383pp (inc flights)
5 days from £383pp (inc flights)
Drive the stunning Great Ocean Road.

Drive the stunning Great Ocean Road.

offer 0 nights from £383pp (including flights) 5 days from £383pp

There are some wonderful drives you can take when visiting Australia, but none better than this. Beginning and ending in the wonderful city of Melbourne, you travel south to the coast and drive along the spectacular Great Ocean Road. Along the way you will see one of the country's best surfing beaches, great seaside towns and natural wonders like the Twelve Apostles and the Cape Otway rainforest.

Valid from 01/12/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Grand East Discovery & Fraser Island

DialAFlight offer

Explore Australia’s East Coast, including stunning Fraser Island, on this 14-day road trip
0 nights from £1,006pp (inc flights)
14 days from £1,006pp (inc flights)
Explore Australia’s East Coast, including stunning Fraser Island, on this 14-day road trip

Explore Australia’s East Coast, including stunning Fraser Island, on this 14-day road trip

offer 0 nights from £1,006pp (including flights) 14 days from £1,006pp

This two-week adventure is a wonderful way to get to know Australia’s stunning East Coast. Setting off from the vibrant city of Sydney, you’ll take in the Blue Mountains, the Hunter Valley wine region, the world-renowned beaches of the Gold Coast and the rich wildlife of UNESCO World Heritage-listed Fraser Island, before arriving at your final destination of Cairns. Throughout, you’ll travel at a relaxed pace, with plenty of time of time to explore and plenty of opportunities to stop off at interesting points along the way for a stroll, a bite to eat or an unmissable photo opportunity.

Valid from 01/12/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Brisbane to the Whitsundays - self drive

DialAFlight offer

Relaxing drive along the Sunshine Coast
0 nights from £1,147pp (inc flights)
14 days from £1,147pp (inc flights)
Relaxing drive along the Sunshine Coast

Relaxing drive along the Sunshine Coast

offer 0 nights from £1,147pp (including flights) 14 days from £1,147pp

It's a long way to Australia, so when visiting this amazing country you should make the most of your time combining touring and seeing the sights with relaxing on some of the famous beaches. This 14 day self drive tour from Brisbane along the Sunshine Coast to the beautiful Whitsunday islands makes a great add on to any longer stay in the country or a brilliant holiday in its own right.

Valid from 01/12/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Discover Victoria - self drive

DialAFlight offer

Make the most of your time in Melbourne
0 nights from £194pp (inc flights)
4 days from £194pp (inc flights)
Make the most of your time in Melbourne

Make the most of your time in Melbourne

offer 0 nights from £194pp (including flights) 4 days from £194pp

No trip to Australia is complete without a visit to the friendly state of Victoria and the wonderful city of Melbourne. Whether you are a sports enthusiast, lover of the arts, want to dine out at fantastic restaurants, and experience some of the most dramatic scenery and coastline Down Under, this city ticks all the boxes. And on this short Discover Melbourne driving tour you will travel around some of the other lovely areas in the state of Victoria and see all the sights.

Valid from 01/04/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Great Sunshine Way & Beyond

DialAFlight offer

Take a great Aussie road trip from Cairns to Brisbane
0 nights from £767pp (inc flights)
14 days from £767pp (inc flights)
Take a great Aussie road trip from Cairns to Brisbane

Take a great Aussie road trip from Cairns to Brisbane

offer 0 nights from £767pp (including flights) 14 days from £767pp

This 14-day self-drive tour is a great way to explore Queensland's cities and reefs at your own pace. Starting off in Cairns, you'll take in glorious beaches, lush rainforests and sugarcane plantations and Fraser Island, renowned for its beauty, before arriving in Brisbane.

Valid from 01/04/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

The Dolphin Coast - self drive

DialAFlight offer

Drive off and sample the delights of the Dolphin Coast
0 nights from £545pp (inc flights)
6 days from £545pp (inc flights)
Drive off and sample the delights of the Dolphin Coast

Drive off and sample the delights of the Dolphin Coast

offer 0 nights from £545pp (including flights) 6 days from £545pp

If you are planning a trip to Australia this self drive tour of the Dolphin Coast is a must. Beginning and ending in the lovely city of Perth you will visit national parks, beautiful beaches with wonderful surf, interesting towns and along the way see emus, kangaroos and koala bears in their natural habitats. The wildlife highlight of this six day trip is your stay at the world heritage site of Monkey Mia at Shark Bay where you will find an amazing dolphin population. This imaginative tour makes a great add on to any trip Down Under.

Valid from 01/04/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Whitsunday Blue Cruise

DialAFlight offer

Beautiful islands come out of the Blue.
0 nights from £453pp (inc flights)
4 days from £453pp (inc flights)
Beautiful islands come out of the Blue.

Beautiful islands come out of the Blue.

offer 0 nights from £453pp (including flights) 4 days from £453pp

If you are visiting Australia it's well worth spending three days and nights cruising around the beautiful Whitsunday Islands. Your trip is on board the Whitsunday Blue, a stylish, fully air-conditioned 41 foot "Lagoon" sailing catamaran designed for a luxury stable experience and offers comfort, privacy and style for couples seeking an exciting adventure sailing experience. The catamaran is designed for comfort and function and has four double cabins each with en-suite toilet, handbasin and shower facilities.

Valid from 01/04/2020 until 31/03/2021

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Tasmanian Eastcoaster Self Drive

DialAFlight offer

Go on, be a devil, and take a tour of the east coast of Tasmania
0 nights from £666pp (inc flights)
6 days from £666pp (inc flights)
Go on, be a devil, and take a tour of the east coast of Tasmania

Go on, be a devil, and take a tour of the east coast of Tasmania

offer 0 nights from £666pp (including flights) 6 days from £666pp

Why not be different . . . and take a tour of the lovely island of Tasmania. When on the other side of the world, most tourists choose to travel around mainland Australia and or New Zealand. But you really miss out on a unique Down Under experience if you don't visit Tasmania. On this six day self drive tour of the island's east coast you will see beautiful sandy beaches, gorges, rivers and waterfalls, national parks and mountains on the way to the capital city Hobart. This marvellous tour is a must for the tourist who wants to get that little bit extra out of a long haul trip.

Valid from 01/04/2021 until 31/03/2022

98% would book again with DialAFlight
based on responses on Trustpilot

020·7962·9933

Still the best value after 40 years
Further details

Not quite what you're looking for?
We can easily customise an offer to suit your exact requirements